Between October 20th and 26th, Professor Zhu Qizhen from Chinese Agricultural University, along with Pat Kwei-Ping Yang, Li Guangdui and April Hu from Zigen, paid a visit to the counties of Minqing, Yongtai and Yongchun, the national experimental zones of ecological civilization, of Fujian Province. The purpose of this visit was to introduce its “Rural  Revitalization” project, including rural leadership training, Green Eco Schools and Villages concepts, and discuss possible project collaboration.

After lectures and panel discussions, the local government officials had better understood and showed much appreciation of Zigen’s rural leadership training for sustainable development. The Zigen team visited a supermarket,(1)  an office on protection (2) and a research center. Through local recommendations, Zigen travelled to about 10 villages, conducted investigation, research, training, and discussion sessions to acquaint their potential local partners.

The team also checked out with Zigen’s workshop alumni to understand their progress, their effectiveness, as well as their difficulties when they carried out the real projects on the county level. It was also affirmed that in the spring of 2019, “Rural Revitalization Leadership Training” will be upgraded to the provincial level — selecting a pilot project, deciding preliminary measures, editing readings of local culture, filming on agriculture……to jointly promote the Education for Sustainable Development, so it may root deep and root well in the province of Fujian.

Professor Zhu ran some seminars on rural revitalization upon invitations. In Minqing, he emphasized that BIG is not always right for family base agriculture. Do not chase large scale blindly. Be aware of local conditions, to open up cooperative economy, a comprehensive manner serves best. In Yongtai, Zhu shared the factors to revitalize villages. He pointed out the best trio in village agricultural system to be “farmers + farms + co-ops”. Prof. Zhu searched and explored new ways and directions with Yongtai’s case studies.

There exists a rich tradition of ancestral hall culture and Fujian style traditional buildings in quite a few villages in Minqing County. Also existing are senior groups and village councils. However, villages suffer a serious population outflow, regular residing villagers account 10-30 % only, thus challenging the village memories and cultural inheritance passing to the next generation. Among them, Zhangxiang Village carries a history of 800 years, with historical traces like ancient roads, ancestral temples, school buildings back to the Qing Dynasty. This village is rated “traditional” by the province. However, its current population is just more than 400 in comparison with its official household record of  1242. Very few of them can recite the historical background of the village. The county government is currently conducting repairs of traditional buildings, better equipping infrastructure, developing cultural inheritance and culture protection, to reactivate these traditional villages into their new career, including tourism.

  • A pilot unit established by Minqing County government, jointly built by the county government, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, and the affiliated company in February 2018.
  • Established in September 2015, it is one of the few professional protection agencies led by the province government for historical preservation.

Translated by Maggie Ren, she is currently engaged in government-enterprise relations. Likes music, yoga and participate in public welfare activities.

Edited by Lotus Zhao, long-term Zigen Fund volunteer.

Pat Yang recorded her interview with her phone in Fujian to document the comments and feedback from the locals regarding culture preservation

滋根与福建三县达成合作意向

10月20-26日,杨贵平老师,中国农业大学农民问题研究中心朱启臻教授以及胡双多、李光对等,来到国家生态文明试验区福建闽清、永泰、永春了解三县乡村发展状况,介绍滋根“乡村振兴:可持续发展人才培训”课程、绿色生态文明乡村与绿色生态文明学校等项目,并商议合作事宜。

滋根团队通过乡村经济、乡村组织等专题讲座和项目座谈,让当地县委县政府对培训课程更加了解,并引起重视。滋根团队拜访了闽清县三农服务超市[1]、永泰县乡村振兴研究院、永泰县村保办[2]、永春县生态文明研究院等单位。通过当地推荐,先后来到闽清县梅溪镇樟洋村、永泰县大洋镇龙门等10个可能开展“绿色生态文明乡村”项目试点的村庄,开展调研、培训、座谈,结识当地合作伙伴。

团队通过回访三县参加过培训的学员,了解他们在县域开展实际项目的进展、成效和困难,完善县级培训及绿色生态文明村试点方案。通过与三县主要领导与合作伙伴的商洽,确定2019年春季将在福建开展省级“乡村振兴:可持续发展人才培训”和绿色生态文明试点村项目初步实施办法,合作整理永泰乡村记忆和乡土文化读本(面向中小学),策划永泰县白云村农耕文化宣传片,共同推进“教育促进可持续发展”在福建的落地生根。

受闽清、永泰两县邀请,朱启臻教授到两地开展乡村振兴讲座。在闽清县“小农户与现代农业衔接的几个问题”的讲座中,朱教授强调不能盲目进行农业规模化,要因地制宜,开展农村家庭农场与合作经济,乡村要多方面综合发展。在永泰县第三期乡村振兴大讲堂,朱教授分享的是“乡村振兴战略中的组织振兴”,分析了我国农村农业的现状,解读了五个乡村振兴的关系,指出适合农业农村的经济组织方式为“农户+农场+合作社”,深入探讨永泰县组织乡村振兴案例,探索新的思路和方向。

走访闽清县梅溪镇樟样村、白樟镇下炉村和白洋村、池园镇陈厝垅村,永泰县同安镇洋尾村爱荊庄、三捷村仁和庄、大洋镇龙门村等庄寨的时候,发现当地有丰富的宗祠文化和福建传统建筑,还有老人会和庄寨理事会等组织,但是村庄人口外流严重,常住人口只占10-30%,村庄乡土记忆和文化的传承面临挑战。

拥有800年历史的樟样村,有很多历史文化痕迹,如村中的古道、祠堂、清代旧时乡村学堂文昌宫等,该村被评为省级传统村落,但全村户籍人口1242人常住人口只有400余人,村民也很少能说清自己村的历史由来。县政府正在进行传统建筑的修复、完善乡村基础设施、开展文化传承与保护,活化和利用传统村落发展包括旅游在内的产业。


[1]  闽清县三农服务超市,作为闽清县政府新设立为乡村振兴战略实施的科级试点单位,2018年2月由闽清县政府、福建农林大学及公司共建,服务于当地大农业和三农。

[2]永泰县村保办,全称为“永泰县古村落古庄寨保护与开发领导小组办公室”,于2015年9月25日正式挂牌成立,是福建省内为数不多的由政府主导成立的专业保护机构,进行永泰古庄寨、古村落保护和发展等工作。

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